Characteristics of periodontitis are:
1. 99% of people over the age of 35, will go through this stage.
2. It is the most devastating disease, responsible for infinitely more damage than caries (broken teeth or full of holes).
3. It’s a slow disease, does not act quickly, it works for years.
4. In the beginning, it doesn’t have strong symptoms, such as severe pain, bone is lost slowly and insidiously.
5. Teeth seem to be lengthened, something which happens because the gums are pulled.
6. Patients show sensitivity to hot and cold, as the roots are not protected by enamel and thus they become more sensitive.
7. Gaps are created between teeth, in which enters food and patients begin to use toothpicks.
8. Another feature is bad breath. Bad breath is due to deep concentration of microbes, which cannot be removed by brushing.
9. Another feature is the root decay due to bone loss and infection of the roots, which are not protected by enamel.
10. Periodontitis has no cure, i.e. the bone that is lost can only be preserved, and the disease can only be “frozen”.
In advanced stages of periodontal disease, in addition to the above there is mobility, migration of teeth and pain while chewing. The supporting tissues of the teeth, the fibers of tissue around the root ‘are getting stressed’ due to the loss of bone, patients do not have strength to bite, so they feel their gums more sensitive and they also feel pain.
In final stages: Periodontal abscess, severe pain, swelling and purulent discharge.
If you have any of the above symptoms, you should visit your dentist, who will determine the existence or absence of periodontitis and will immediately start the periodontal treatment.
What Periodontal treatment does is to stabilize the situation of the periodontium, so as to prevent further damage to the bone and the patient won’t lose his teeth.