Food debris or wrong brushing technique is apt to lead to infections or increase in dental plaque, which is a cause of gingivitis and periodontitis. You may hold the toothbrush in your hands … but this does not mean that you take proper care of your mouth! Brushing is ineffective, if not done correctly and according to the methods recommended by the dentists. Random and simple brushing, without any technique removes little dental plaque, can injure the gums and over time it can cause frictions in the tooth enamel.
The secret is not power, but technique.
For a proper brushing ,you should devote at least one period of 2-3 minutes twice a day. There are many ways of efficient brushing. The most effective though is the brushing method recommended by dentists, the so-called ‘ BASS ‘ Method.
The BASS method:
1. Use a medium or soft toothbrush and place it at a 45 degrees angle at the point of the tooth that ‘ is joined ‘ to the gums, first on the exterior surfaces of the teeth.(picture 1) Push the toothbrush a bit, so the fibers gently penetrate the gums. Be careful: high pressure can injure the gums.
2. Brush with soft and small repetitive movements back and forth (vibrations), without moving the toothbrush out of its position. Bigger movement will not remove more dental plaque, since the logic of the technique is to clean a group of three teeth at a time and then move on to the next.(image 2)
3. Clean the exterior surfaces of the teeth and when you are done,with the same movements clean the interior surfaces of the teeth.(picture 3)
4. In order to clean the inside surfaces of the front teeth, we keep the toothbrush in an upright position, so the tip is in contact with the teeth and we brush with gentle up-and-down movements.(picture 4)
5. We brush and floss thoroughly the surfaces of the back teeth which slice foods,the so called chewing surfaces. Finally, we brush the surface of the tongue with back and forth movements. The reason we do this is because too many bacteria are ‘ hosted ‘ on the tongue and this is one of the reasons that cause the bad breath.
Watch a video of Dental Smile about the correct brushing techniques and the best methods to maintain a proper oral hygiene.
The most important issue for a periodontal patient is to maintain both the effect of periodontal treatment and a proper oral hygiene. Apart from the daily brushing of teeth,cleaning of interdental area is required , i.e. the area between teeth. A simple toothbrush cannot clean this area. That’s why we use interdental brushes.
Interdental brushes help us eliminate bacteria between teeth, in order to ensure better oral hygiene. There are various sizes, depending on the breadth of the gap between teeth. The brush should not be completely loose between teeth, otherwise it doesn’t clean effectively, but it must also not be completely tight to avoid causing injury to the gums. Prefer brushes that are not conical but cylindrical, since
they offer a better cleaning result. Interdental brushes aren’t disposable. You wash them after each use with water and reuse, and their use does not need toothpaste.
Place the interdental brush on the outer side of teeth until it penetrates the interdental space. Then make horizontal movements with the brush, 6 to 7 times for each interdental space. For proper use, it is important that the brush comes out from the lingual side. If the brush holds large quantities of dental plaque, rinse and continue with other interdental spaces. If you feel some pressure when the brush crosses the interdental space, do not stop because you will damage your gums. Use the brushes once a day, before the evening brushing.